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V. American Leadership In the World -
Reinvigorating the Mideast Peace Process
outset, America's commitment to a comprehensive peace in the Middle East
has been backed by a strong pledge that whenever Arabs and Israelis turn
the page on the past, the United States would work with them to write a
real, practical future of hope. Those who take risks for peace must not
-- President Clinton
October 26, 1994
The past two years have witnessed unprecedented progress toward a
lasting, secure, and comprehensive peace in the Middle East. The Clinton
Administration has made the achievement of a peaceful, stable and
prosperous Middle East a major foreign policy priority.
In September 1993 the leaders of Israel and the PLO signed the
Declaration of Principles (DOP) on the White House lawn, ushering in a
new era in their relationship. Since then they have moved forward with
the implementation of the DOP, despite the tough political issues
involved and the murderous acts of terrorists seeking to derail the
In October 1994 President Clinton presided over the signing of a
peace treaty between Jordan and Israel, and since then those two nations
have been involved in intensive negotiations on a broad range of issues
relating to further cooperation and regional development. The supportive
role of the peace camp in the Middle East was demonstrated
dramatically in February 1995 during a series of meetings, attended by
President Clinton, involving leaders and cabinet members from Egypt,
Israel, Jordan, the Palestinian Authority, and the United
The Israelis and the Syrians -- with the facilitation of President
Clinton and Secretary Christopher -- have been negotiating on various
issues relating to peace between them.
Several other Arab countries, especially Morocco, Tunisia, Oman and
Qatar, have recently begun to normalize their relations with Israel.
In September 1994, the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council
decided to end the secondary and tertiary boycotts against the Jewish
The United States will continue to do all that it can to help bring
about a lasting and comprehensive peace in the Middle East which ensures
the security of Israel and its neighbors. The Clinton
help those parties still in conflict to negotiate durable peace
agreements with each other;
stand firmly by those who have already undertaken such agreements
with strong moral and material support;
demonstrate to the enemies of peace that violence and terror will
not succeed in disrupting the process; and
continue to push hard to encourage rapid normalization of relations
between Israel and all of the Arab states, and end the boycott of
In addition, over the last two years the United States has also
sought to foster conditions favorable to long-term regional economic
In March 1993 President Clinton and Prime Minister Rabin announced
the formation of the U.S.-Israel Science and Technology Commission,
which promotes cooperate science and technology activities.
In October 1993 the U.S.-Jordan-Israel Trilateral Economic Committee
was formed to advance development initiatives, with contributions from
the Commerce Department, the Trade and Development Agency, the Overseas
Private Investment Corporation, USIA, and USAID.
In the fall of 1994 the Administration announced the U.S.-Egypt
Joint Committee for Economic Growth, a major initiative promoting
economic reform and development.
In February 1995 Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown was named U.S.
Middle East Commercial Coordinator, in conjunction with his attendance
at an unprecedented summit of Israeli, Egyptian, Jordanian, and
Palestinian trade and financial leaders.
The Administration is coordinating the arrangements necessary to set
up a Middle East Development Bank, which would promote
regional economic development and cooperation.
Finally, the Administration has sought to maintain a continued flow
of U.S. aid to Israel, Egypt, Jordan, and others who have demonstrated
their devotion to peace, and it has continued and deepened the U.S.
commitment to strengthening Israel's qualitative military