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V. American Leadership
In the World -
Reducing the Nuclear Threat
"Over the last two years, the United States has made real
progress in lifting the threat of nuclear weapons. Now, in 1995, we
face a year of particular decision in this era -- a year in
which the United States will pursue the most ambitious agenda to
dismantle and fight the spread of weapons of mass destruction since the
atom was split."
-- President Clinton March 1, 1995
Reducing the Nuclear Threat Today
Recognizing that nuclear threats persist despite the end of the Cold War,
the Administration has taken strong and effective action to reduce those
Today, not a single Russian missile is targeted at America.
Through difficult negotiations, we helped
ensure that no new nuclear powers emerged from the breakup of the Soviet
Union. U.S. leadership was critical to winning adherence by Ukraine,
Belarus and Kazakhstan to START and to the NPT as non-nuclear weapons states.
The START I and II arms control treaties will result in reductions
of nearly two-thirds in strategic nuclear forces. Both sides are
dismantling nuclear weapons at a steady pace -- up to 2000 weapons a year.
Through the Nunn-Lugar program, our nuclear labs are helping their Russian
counterparts upgrade security on nuclear materials and we've reached agreement
with Russia to end verifiably the production of plutonium for weapons
purposes. We also shipped nearly 600 kilograms of weapons-usable uranium from
Kazakhstan to safe storage in the United States.
The Administration negotiated an Agreed Framework that for the first
time commits North Korea to freeze and eventually dismantle its existing
nuclear program under international monitoring. It also continues strong
support for UN and IAEA monitoring of the elimination of Iraq s nuclear,
chemical/biological and missile capabilities.
In other parts of the world, we have reversed the trend towards proliferation.
South Africa destroyed its nuclear weapons and adhered to the
NPT as a non-nuclear weapons state.
We co-sponsored the Arms Control and Regional Security talks in the
Middle East with Russia.
We are supporting regional nonproliferation dialogue in South Asia
and encouraging weapon-free zones where they can help further reduce the
dangers of nuclear proliferation on a regional basis.
We have achieved important agreements with Russia and China to
restrain missile-related exports, as well as commitments from other key
suppliers -- South Africa, Ukraine, and Argentina -- to observe the
guidelines of the Missile Technology Control Regime.
Ensuring America s Security Tomorrow
To continue building America's security, we have a full arms control and
The United States will work with
other nations with indefinite and unconditional extension of the
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the cornerstone of global
nonproliferation efforts. Its internationally verified
commitments against nuclear proliferation create a dependable
security environment, bolster regional stability and make possible
further arms control and disarmament measures.
The President has urged the Senate to give its advice and consent to
ratification of START II and the Chemical Weapons Convention, which will
ban poison gas worldwide.
We are pushing to conclude a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and a
global ban on the production of fissile material for weapons.
The Administration will continue to fight international terrorism
and redouble our efforts to stop nuclear smuggling and nuclear-related
crimes through stepped-up cooperation with our allies.
We are leading efforts to replace COCOM with a new international
export control regime that will limit the flow of sensitive technology
and conventional arms to potential proliferators, such as Iran.
are seeking the ratification of the Convention on Conventional Weapons,
which will advance U.S. efforts to reduce the suffering caused by the
indiscriminate use of antipersonnel landmines.
We are working to negotiate legally-binding measures to strengthen
the Biological and Toxin Weapons