THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release September 29, 1997 11:03 A.M. EDT
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
ON INCOME AND POVERTY REPORT
The Briefing Room
THE PRESIDENT: I don't know if I can go on. (Laughter.)
Good morning. This Friday will mark the sixth anniversary of the day I announced my intention to run for President of the United States. On that day, I challenged America to embrace an urgent mission for the 21st century, to preserve the American Dream, restore the hopes of the forgotten middle class, and reclaim the future for our children.
As President, I have worked hard to set America on that track, to fulfill that mission, putting in place a bold strategy to shrink the deficit, invest in our people, and expand the sales of America's products and services abroad. I am pleased to announce today that we have more evidence that our economic strategy is succeeding.
This morning, the Census Bureau released its annual Survey of Income and Poverty in America. It shows that last year the typical family benefitted from a significant increase in income for the third year in a row. Since we launched our economic plan in 1993, the typical family's annual income has risen by nearly $2,200 a year. That's an extra $2,200 that hard-working families can put toward their children's education, a down payment on a home, or even a much needed vacation. After years and years of stagnant family incomes, today's report proves that America's middle class, no longer forgotten, is rising fast.
It should be noted that these figures do not reflect several other dividends of prosperity we have delivered for the American people. They don't reflect the $500 per child tax credit, the $1,500 HOPE Scholarship, the education IRAs, the real benefits of lower interest rates and mortgage costs worth $1,000 a year or more to millions of homeowners.
And rising incomes are also lifting families out of poverty. The report shows that while there is clearly much more to be done, the African American poverty rate has fallen to its lowest level ever; the income of the typical Hispanic household grew more last year than in any single year on record; the child poverty rate has dropped in the past three years, more than in any three-year period since the 1960s. And the earned income tax credit, which we have dramatically expanded and then fought hard to preserve, has raised more than 4 million people out of poverty last year.
The report also shows we have more to do to extend opportunity to all Americans. Starting in the 1970s income inequality rose sharply. Now, it has stabilized. Since 1993, every income group has seen its income rise, with those in the lowest 20 percent showing the fastest gains -- thanks, in part, to the minimum wage, to more jobs, and to the earned income tax credit, which is not measured in the statistics. But we still have to do more to grow together in the 21st century.
Let me say that this report also underscores another important challenge, one that I have been concerned about for a long time. Last year, there were 800,000 more children without health insurance than the year before. However, thank goodness, many of these children will now be eligible for coverage under the balanced budget's historic $24 billion child health initiative, which takes effect this week.
Two years ago we were fighting hard to save Medicaid's guarantee to 4 million children. Now we're looking forward to extending child health insurance to another 5 million children. We have to work together to encourage the states to take full advantage of this opportunity and to make sure that the funds are spent actually insuring children who do not have health insurance today.
To ensure that all our people benefit from the growing economy we also have to make sure that our people have access to the world's best education, with high standards in the basics. And we have to address the pressing issue of child care. That is another thing that would help to alleviate pressures on middle and lower income working families' households.
The first ever White House Conference on Child Care will be held later this fall. It will focus on how we can help parents to succeed at home and work through quality, affordable child care. In all these ways we can continue to fulfill what I started out to do six years ago -- preserving the American Dream, restoring the middle class, reclaiming the future for our children. But this is good news. And now, Janet Yellen and Gene Sperling will be able to answer questions about the details of the proposals. Thank you.
Q What do you think is the chance of getting campaign finance reform through this session this year?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, I hope it's good. It's certainly better than it was a month ago. Obviously, there is still strong opposition to it in the leadership of the Republican Party and they're in the majority in Congress. But I've seen some encouraging signs in the Senate and, frankly, I've seen some encouraging signs in the House with some Republican members willing to speak up and say that we ought to do something. So I'm quite hopeful that we will get something.
I know this -- if we just -- the way these things work, if we can succeed in keeping the public spotlight on the debate, then the pressure will build to come out with something positive. And I have done what I could and I'm very proud of our caucus in the Senate for doing what it has done. The Democrats have clearly come out unanimously for some -- for campaign finance reform. And we've just go to keep the public spotlight on this and keep going until we get legislation.
Q Mr. President, many states -- California, Texas, Florida -- acknowledge that they're going to fail the first real test of the new welfare law, the requirement that they have 75 percent of two-parent welfare families in jobs and job training by this week. Will HHS impose fines that -- on the states? And what does it shake your confidence, this failure -- shake your confidence in the new welfare law?
THE PRESIDENT: No, because, first of all -- let me answer the second question first. It doesn't shake my confidence in the law, because we have succeeded, I think, beyond anybody's expectations, partly from the growing economy and partly from welfare reform efforts, in reducing the welfare rolls more than they have ever been reduced in a comparable time period, ever.
We've had 20 years of immigration in our country at high levels. Many of the immigrants coming here come without many resources and they want to work their way into the American Dream, so we've had a lot of people coming in here, and yet we've been successful in having the smallest percentage of our people on welfare since 1970.
So my answer to you is, I want to keep high standards and I want them enforced, because we've block-granted the money to the states they asked for. After all, they supported the law. They said we could keep the federal guarantee for health care and food stamps, nutrition, which I insisted on, but they pointed out they already had the freedom to set different welfare reimbursement levels every month, so they wanted control of that pot of money so they would have more flexibility to move people from welfare to work. And in return, they agreed to these targets.
So I think we just need to keep pushing ahead. In terms of what should be done, obviously I want to consult with our people at HHS and others to do what is best. But I think most states really are working hard and in good faith to try to do this. I think that they know that's what the voters want and most importantly, that's what the people on welfare want. So we don't want to just forget about our high standards, especially when we've proven we can hire a lot more people than we ever thought we could.
Q You mentioned Republicans in the House. This weekend, Speaker Gingrich was unusually caustic, accusing your staff and your lawyers of blocking pursuit of the truth in law. Have you looked back at your records and the phone calls that you have made and come to any new conclusion about your own involvement?
THE PRESIDENT: First of all, I think -- no, I have not come to any new conclusion. But I think the remarks this weekend were an attempt to divert the public attention from the fact that the leadership of the Republican Party in the House opposes campaign finance reform, and has consistently, and continues to do so.
But I am encouraged that along with our Democrats who are supporting it, there are an increasingly vocal band of brave Republicans willing to stick up and be for it. And again, this is our chance to pass this bill and I think we'd all be making a mistake to be diverted. I don't intend to be.
Q Mr. President, any reason to believe Arafat is moving against Hamas?
THE PRESS: Thank you.