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Appendix 1 - Executive Order 12881 of
November 23, 1993
Establishment of the National Science
and Technology Council
By the authority vested in me as President of the United States by the Constitution and the
laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3, United States Code, it
is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Establishment. There is established the National Science and Technology Council
Sec. 2. Membership. The Council shall comprise the:
(a) President, who shall serve as Chairman of the Council;
(b) Vice President;
(c) Secretary of Commerce;
(d) Secretary of Defense;
(e) Secretary of Energy;
(f) Secretary of Health and Human Services;
(g) Secretary of State;
(h) Secretary of the Interior;
* Secretary of Transportation;
* Secretary of Education;
* Secretary of Labor;
* Secretary of Agriculture;
(i) Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration;
(j) Director, National Science Foundation;
(k) Director, Office of Management and Budget;
(l) Administrator, Environmental Protection Agency
(m) Assistant to the President for Science and Technology;
(n) National Security Adviser;
(o) Assistant to the President for Economic Policy;
(p) Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy;
* Chair, Council of Economic Advisors
* Director, Central Intelligence Agency
* Director, National Institutes of Health
* Director, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
(q) Such other officials of executive departments and agencies as the President may, from time to time, designate.
Sec. 3. Meetings of the Council. The President, or upon his direction, the Assistant to the
President for Science and Technology ("the Assistant"), may convene meetings of the
Council. The President shall preside over the meetings of the Council, provided that in his
absence the Vice President, and in his absence the Assistant, will preside.
Sec. 4. Functions. (a) The principal functions of the Council are: (1) to coordinate the
science and technology policy making process; (2) to ensure science and technology policy
decisions and programs are consistent with the President's stated goals; (3) to help implement
and integrate the President's science and technology policy agenda across the Federal
government; (4) to ensure science and technology are considered in development and
implementation of all Federal policies and programs; and (5) to further international
cooperation in science and technology. The Assistant may take such actions, including
drafting a Charter, as may be necessary or appropriate to implement such functions.
(b) All executive departments and agencies, whether or not represented on the
Council, shall coordinate science and technology policy through the Council and shall share
information on research and development budget requests with the Council.
(c) The Council shall develop for submission to the Director of the Office of
Management and Budget recommendations on research and development budgets that reflect
national goals. In addition, the Council shall provide advice to the Director of the Office of
Management and Budget concerning the agencies' research and development budget
(d) The Assistant will, when appropriate, work in conjunction with the Assistant to
the President for Economic Policy, the Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy, the
Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and the National Security Adviser.
Sec. 5. Administration. (a) The Council will oversee the duties of the Federal
Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology, the National Space Council,
and the National Critical Materials Council.
(b) The Council may function through established or ad hoc committees, task forces,
or interagency groups.
(c) To the extent practicable and permitted by law, executive departments and
agencies shall make resources, including, but not limited to, personnel, office support, and
printing, available to the Council as requested by the Assistant.
(d) All executive departments and agencies shall cooperate with the Council and
provide such assistance, information, and advice to the Council as the Council may request,
to the extent permitted by law.
* Members designated by the President subsequent to issuing the Executive Order