ABOUT THE NATIONAL SCIENCE
AND TECHNOLOGY COUNCIL

President Clinton established the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) by Executive Order on November 23, 1993. This Cabinet-level Council is the principle means for the President to coordinat e science, space and technology policies across the Federal government. NSTC acts as a "virtual" agency for science and technology to coordinate the diverse parts of the Federal research and development enterprise. The NSTC is chaired by the President. Me mbership consists of the Vice President, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, Cabinet Secretaries and Agency Heads with significant science and technology responsibilities, and other White House officials.
An important objective of the NSTC is the establishment of clear national goals for Federal science and technology investments in areas ranging from information technologies and health research, to improving transportation systems and strengthening fundamental research. The Council prepares research and development strategies that are coordinated across Federal agencies to form an investment package that is aimed at accomplishing multiple national g oals.

MEMBERSHIP

1. President (Chair)
2. Vice President
3. Secretary of State
4. Secretary of Defense
5. Secretary of the Interior
6. Secretary of Agriculture
7. Secretary of Commerce
8. Secretary of Labor
9. Secretary of Health and Human Services
10. Secretary of Transportation
11. Secretary of Energy
12. Secretary of Education
13. Director, Office of Management and Budget
14. Director, Central Intelligence Agency
15. Chair, Council of Economic Advisors
16. Administrator, Environmental Protection Agency
17. Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
18. Director, National Science Foundation
19. Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
20. Assistant to the President for Science and Technology
21. Assistant to the President for Economic Policy
22. Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy
23. Director, National Institutes of Health
24. Director, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

One of the most important tasks that the NSTC performs is to prepare coordinated R&D strategies and budget recommendations to orient science and technology toward achieving national goals. To do so, the NSTC established nine goal-oriented committees. Each committee is chaired by a senior official or officials from a Federal agency/department and is co-chaired by a White House/OSTP Senate-confirmed Associate Director.

THE NSTC COMMITTEES

Committee on Health, Safety, and Food
Committee on Fundamental Science
Committee on Computing, Information, and Communications
Committee on Environment and Natural Resources
Committee on Technological Innovation
Committee on Education and Training
Committee on Transportation
Committee on National Security
Committee on International Science, Engineering, and Technology

In addition to the nine standing committees, the NSTC establishes ad hoc working groups as needed to review and coordinate specific policies or programs. For example, the NSTC has provided an effect ive forum to resolve cross-cutting issues such an interagency review of the future role of the U.S. national laboratories.

REPORTS ISSUED BY THE NSTC AND OSTP DURING
THE FIRST CLINTON ADMINISTRATION

High Performance Computing and Communications Technology for the National Information Infrastructure, NSTC Committee on Computing, Information, and Communications, 1994.

High Performance Computing and Communications: Toward a National Information Infrastructure, National Coordinating Office for High Performance Computing and Communications, 1994.

High Performance Computing and Communications Program Successes, NSTC Committee on Computing, Information, and Communications, June 1994.

Technology for a Sustainable Future: A Framework for Action, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, July 1994.
Partnership of a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) Program Plan, NSTC Committee on Technological Innovation, July 1994.

A Report to the United States Congress on the Development and Integration of the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR), OSTP Science Division, July 1994.

Science in the National Interest, NSTC Committee on Fundamental Science, August 1994.

Brochure: Office of Science and Technology Policy, OSTP, September 1994.

Brochure: National Science and Technology Council and the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), NSTC Executive Secretariat, September 1994.

Second to None: Preserving America's Military Advantage Through Dual-Use Technology, NEC, NSC, and OSTP, February 1995.

Science and Technology: A Report to the President, OSTP, March 1995.

A Strategic Planning Document for Meeting the 21st Century, NSTC Committee on Education and Training, March 1995.

Preparing for the Future through Science and Technology, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, March 1995.

America in the Age of Information, NSTC Committee on Computing, Information, and Communications, March 1995.

Bridge to a Sustainable Future, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, April 1995.

Interagency Federal Laboratory Review Final Report, NSTC Federal Laboratory Review Working Group, May 1995.

High Performance Computing and Communications 1996 Implementation Plan, NSTC Committee on Computing, Information, and Communications, May 1995.

High Performance Computing and Communications Foundation for America's Information Future, NSTC Committee on Computing, Information, and Communications, 1995.

Setting a New Course for U.S. Coastal Ocean Science, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, July 1995.

Biotechnology for the 21st Century: New Horizons, NSTC Committee on Fundamental Science, July 1995.

Global Microbial Threats in the 1990's, NSTC Committee on International Science, Engineering, and Technology, July 1995.

Goals for a National Partnership in Aeronautics Research & Technology, NSTC Committee on Transportation, August 1995.

Infectious Disease - A Global Health Threat, NSTC Committee International Science, Engineering, and Technology, September 1995.

National Security Science and Technology Strategy, NSTC Committee on National Security, September 1995.

National R&D Strategy for Toxic Substances and Hazardous Solid Waste, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, September 1995.

The State-Federal Technology Partnership Task Force Final Report, State-Federal Technology Partnership Task Force, September 1995.

Construction and Building: Federal R&D in Support of the U.S. Construction Industry, NSTC Committee on Technological Innovation, October 1995.

Forum on Future Directions in Transportation R&D, NSTC Committee on Transportation, October 1995.

Our Changing Planet: The FY 1996 U.S. Global Change Research Program, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, October 1995 .

NSTC Accomplishments (November 1993-September 1995), NSTC Executive Secretariat, October 1995.

Interagency Report on Orbital Debris, NSTC Committee on Transportation, November 1995.

Building a Scientific Basis to Ensure the Vitality and Productivity of U.S. Ecosystems, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, December 1995.

National Planning for Construction and Building R&D, NSTC Committee on Technological Innovation, December 1995.

Interagency Assessment of Potential Health Risks Associated with Oxygenated Gasoline, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, February 1996.

Meeting the Challenge: A Research Agenda for America's Health, Safety, and Food, NSTC Committee on Health, Safety, and Food, February 1996.

National Critical Technologies Report, National Critical Technologies Review Group, March 1996.

United States Antarctic Program, NSTC Committee on Fundamental Science, April 1996.

Strategy for National Earthquake Loss Reduction, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, April 1996.

NSTC Accomplishments - Calendar Year 1995, NSTC Executive Secretariat, May 1996.

Human-Centered Transportation Systems Brochure, NSTC Committee on Transportation, May 1996.

Proceedings Summary: Conference on Human Health and Global Climate Change, OSTP Environment Division, May 1996.

Assessing Fundamental Science Report, NSTC Committee on Fundamental Science, July 1996.

Technology in the National Interest, NSTC Committee on Technological Innovation, July 1996.

Program Guide to Federally Funded Environment and Natural Resources, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, June 1996.

Environmental Technologies Testing and Demonstration Sites: A Federal Directory, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, September 1996.

Our Changing Planet: The FY 1997 U.S. Global Change Research Program, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, September 1996.

Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, Brochure: NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, September 1996.

Integrating Environmental Monitoring and Research in the Mid-Atlantic Region, OSTP Environment Division, October 1996.

The Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology, NSTC Committee on Technological Innovation, November 1996.

High Performance Computing and Communications: (HPCC) Advancing The Frontiers of Information Technology, NSTC Committee on Computing, Information, and Communications, November 1996.

The Health and Ecological Effects of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: A Framework for Planning, NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, November 1996.

ABOUT THE PRESIDENT'S COMMITTEE OF ADVISORS
ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

President Clinton established President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) at the same time that he established the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC). The PCAST advises t he President on matters involving science and technology and assists the NSTC in securing private sector involvement in its activities. The PCAST, which consists of distinguished individuals from industry, education and research institutions, and other no ngovernmental organizations, serves as the highest level private sector advisory group for the President and the NSTC.
The direct link to the activities of the NSTC reflects the Administration's intention to incorporate advice from the private sector in developing the science and technology budgets and policies of t he Administration and to secure private sector advice on the implementation and evaluation of budgets and policies. The PCAST is co-chaired by the Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and John Young, former President and CEO of Hewlett-Pa ckard Company.

MEMBERSHIP

1. Norman Augustine, Chairman of the Board and CEO, Lockheed Martin Corporation
2. Francisco Ayala, Professor, University of California, Irvine
3. Murray Gell-Mann, Professor, Santa Fe Institute and California Institute of Technology
4. David Hamburg, President, Carnegie Corporation of New York
5. John Holdren, Professor, Harvard University
6. Diana MacArthur, Chair and CEO, Dynamac Corporation
7. Shirley Malcom, Directorate Head, American Association for the Advancement of Science
8. Mario Molina, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
9. Peter Raven, Director, Missouri Botanical Garden
10. Sally Ride, Director, California Space Institute, and Professor, University of California, San Diego
11. Judith Rodin, President, University of Pennsylvania
12. Charles A. Sanders, Former Chairman and CEO, Glaxo-Wellcome, Inc.
13. Phillip Sharp, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
14. David Shaw, CEO, D.E. Shaw and Co.
15. Charles Vest, President, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
16. Virginia Weldon, Senior Vice President, Monsanto Company
17. Lilian Shiao-Yen Wu, Research Staff, Thomas J. Watson Research Center, IBM

REPORTS ISSUED BY THE PRESIDENT'S COMMITTEE OF ADVISORS ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DURING THE FIRST CLINTON ADMINISTRATION


Report of the PCAST Panel on U.S.-Russian Cooperation to Protect, Control, and Account for Weapons-Useable Nuclear Materials, PCAST, May 1995.

The U.S. Program of Fusion Energy Research and Development, PCAST, July 1995.

Science and Technology Principles, PCAST, September 1995.

Report to the President on Academic Health Centers, PCAST, November 1995.

Principles on the U.S. Government's Investment Role in Technology, PCAST, June 1996.

Report on Research Universities, PCAST, June 1996.

Report on Preventing Deadly Conflict, PCAST, November 1996.

Report on Sustainable Development, PCAST, January 1997.

Following are selected reports, issued during the first Clinton Administration, directly relevant to the science and technology issues raised in this report.

COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS

Supporting Research and Development to Promote Economic Growth: The Federal Government's Role, The Council of Economic Advisers, October 1995.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

The Basic Elements of Agricultural Competitiveness: In Three Parts-Economics and Policy, Geography, and History, MPB1510, USDA/Economic Research Service, March 1993.

Optimal Cost-Sharing Programs to Reduce Agricultural Pollution, TBB1820, USDA/Economic Research Service, June 1993.

Agricultural Biotechnology: An Economic Perspective, AERB687, USDA/Economic Research Service, May 1994.

Global Review of Resource and Environmental Policies: Water Resource Development and Management, FAERB251, USDA/Economic Research Service, June 1994.

Plant Biotechnology: Out of the Laboratory and Into the Field, AERB697, USDA/Economics Research Service, April 1995.

World Agriculture and Climate Change: Economic Adaptations, AERB703, USDA/Economic Research Service, June 1995.

Agricultural Research and Development: Public and Private Investments Under Alternative Markets and Institutions,735, USDA/Economic Research Service, May 1996.

Exploring Linkages Among Agriculture, Trade, and the Environment: Issues for the Next Century, AERB738, USDA/Economic Research Service, May 1996.

Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: Issues of Longrun Sustainability, AERB740, USDA/Economic Research Service, June 1996.

Bacterial Foodborne Disease: Medical Costs and Productivity Losses, AERB741, USDA/Economic Research Service, August 1996.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Investment in U.S. Economic Growth, Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, July 1993.

Present Status and Future Trends in Telecommunications, Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, 1993.

Setting Priorities and Measuring Results at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, January 1994.

A Proposal to Launch a Season-to-Interannual Climate Prediction Program, Department of Commerce, NOAA, 1994.

20/20 Vision: The Development of a National Information Infrastructure, Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, 1994.

Connecting the Nation: Classrooms, Libraries, and Health Care Organizations in the Information Age, Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, 1995.

Technology and Economic Growth: Implications for Federal Policy, Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, October 1995.

Our Living Oceans: Report on the Status of U.S. Living Marine Resources, Department of Commerce, NOAA, 1995.

The Advanced Technology Program: A Progress Report on the Impacts of an Industry-Government Technology Partnership, Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, April 1996.

A Nation of Opportunity, Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, 1996.

Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Implementation Plan, Department of Commerce, NOAA, 1996.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

Defense Science and Technology Strategy, Department of Defense, May 1996.

Basic Research Plan, Department of Defense, May 1996.

Joint Warfighting Science and Technology Plan, Department of Defense, May 1996.

Defense Technology Objectives, Department of Defense, May 1996.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Transforming Ideas for Teaching and Learning Science, Department of Education, 1993.

Making It Happen: Report of the Secretary's Conference on Educational Technology, U.S. Department of Education, 1993.

Experience the Power: Network Technology for Education, Department of Education, 1994.

Improving Math and Science Curriculum: Choices for State Policymakers, Department of Education, 1994.

Issues of Curriculum Reform in Science, Mathematics, and Higher Order Thinking Across the Disciplines, Department of Education, 1994.

Mathematics, Science and Technology Education Programs That Work, Department of Education, 1995.

Using Technology to Support Education Reform, Department of Education, 1995.

Getting America's Students Ready for the 21st Century: Meeting the Technology Literacy Challenge, Department of Education, 1996.

Achieving the Goals - Goal 5: First in the World in Math and Science Technology Resources, Department of Education, 1996.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

Environmental Technologies Exports: Strategic Framework for U.S. Leadership, Department of Energy, Office of Policy, November 1993.

Technology for Economic Growth: President's Progress Report, Department of Energy, Office of Policy, November 1993.

Energy R&D: Shaping our Nation's Future in a Competitive World; Final Report of the Task Force on Strategic Energy Research and Development (Volume I and Annex 1: Technology Profiles), Department of Energy, Office of Policy, June 1995.

Sustainable Energy Strategy: Clean and Secure Energy for a Competitive Economy, Department of Energy, Office of Policy, July 1995.

Corporate R&D in Transition: Changing Patterns of Private Sector Investment in Research and Development, Department of Energy, Office of Policy, March 1996.

Strategic Laboratory Missions Plan - Phase I, Volume I & II, Department of Energy, Office of Policy, July 1996.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Health Through Environmental Research, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1993.

Women in Biomedical Careers: Dynamics of Change-Strategies for the 21st Century, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1993.

Discoveries in Health for Aging Americans, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1993.

Asthma Awareness Curriculum for the Elementary Classroom, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1993.

Environmental Data Needed for Public Health Assessments, Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, 1993.

Priority Health Conditions: An Integrated Strategy to Evaluate the Relationship Between Illness and Exposure to Hazardous Substances, Department of Health and Human Services, ATSDR, July 1993.

Adult Obesity: The Basics, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1993.

New Research Frontiers in Behavioral Medicine: Proceedings of the National Conference, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1994.

Promoting Healthy Lifestyles in Inner-City Minority Communities, Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, 1995.

The Efficacy of Interventions for Tobacco Control: The Context for Change, A Report of the Surgeon General, Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, 1995.

The New Human Genetics, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1995.

International Opportunities in Biomedical Research, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1995.

The Human Genome Project: From Maps to Medicine, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1995.

Alzheimer's Disease: Unraveling the Mystery, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1995.

Vision Research A National Plan, 1994-1998, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1995.

Diabetes in America, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, 1995.

U.S. Commission on Child and Family Welfare: Issuance of Final Report to the President and Congress, Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, September 1996.

Hazardous Waste: Impacts on Human and Ecological Health, Department of Health and Human Services, ATSDR, December 1996.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR

Annual Report, State of the Air Quality Monitoring Network, Department of Interior, National Park Service, Air Resources Division, Monitoring and Data Analysis Branch, 1994.

Sharing the Challenge: Floodplain Management into the 21st Century, Department of Interior, Fisheries, June 1994.

Action Plan for Fishery Resources and Aquatic Ecosystems, Department of Interior, Fisheries, 1994.

Overview of Drought Response Strategies, Darrell G. Fontane and Donald K. Frevert; American Society of Civil Engineers, North American Congress on Water and the Environment, June 1996.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy, 1993, Department of State, May 1993.

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy, 1994 (Fourteenth Annual Report Submitted to Congress by the President Pursuant to Section 503(b) of Title V of Public Law 95-426), Department of State, May 1994.

United States International Strategy on HIV/AIDS, (Fifteenth Annual Report Submitted to Congress by the President Pursuant to Section 503(b) of Title V of Public Law 95-426), Department of State, July 1995.

Foreign Science and Technology Information Sources in the Federal Government and Select Private Sector Organizations, Department of State, Office of Technology Policy, July 1996.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

Health Risk Perspectives on Fuel Oxygenates, Environmental Protection Agency, December 1994.

Strategic Plan for the Office of Research and Development, Environmental Protection Agency, May 1996.

Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter: Policy Assessment of Scientific and Technical Information, Environmental Protection Agency, July 1996.

Reproductive Toxicity Risk Assessment Guidelines, Environmental Protection Agency, October 1996.

Research Needs for the Assessment of Health and Environmental Effects of Endocrine Disruptors: (A Report of the U.S. EPA-Sponsored Workshop, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 104, supplement 4, pp. 715-740), Environmental Protection Agency, 1996.

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

Achieving Aeronautics Leadership: Aeronautics Strategic Enterprise Plan, 1995-2000, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, April 1995.

Space Science for the 21st Century: The Space Science Enterprise Strategic Plan, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, August 1995.

Aeronautics and Space Report of the President: Fiscal Year 1995 Activities, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1996.

NASA's Enterprise for the Human Exploration and Development of Space, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, January 1996.

NASA Strategic Plan, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, February 1996.

Mission to Planet Earth: Strategic Enterprise Plan, 1996-2002, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, March 1996.

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

In Support of Basic Research (NSB 93-127), National Science Foundation, 1993.

Academic Research Instruments and Instrumentation Needs: 1992 (NSF 94-321), National Science Foundation, 1994.

NSF In A Changing World: The National Science Foundation's Strategic Plan (NSF 95-24), National Science Foundation, 1995.

Science and Engineering Indicators: 1996 (NSB 96-21), National Science Foundation, 1996.

The Learning Curve: What We Are Discovering About U.S. Science and Mathematics Education 1994 (NSF 96-53), National Science Foundation, 1996.

Shaping The Future: New Expectations for Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology (NSF 96-139), National Science Foundation, 1996.

Women, Minorities and Persons With Disabilities in Science and Engineering (NSF 96-311), National Science Foundation, 1996.



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