Snapshot of Ghana
Ghana is located on West Africa's Gulf of Guinea only a few degrees
north of the
Equator. To the south is 330 miles of coastline. To the north, Ghana
shares a border with
Burkina Faso. To the west is the Ivory Coast, and to the east is Togo.
Ghana covers approximately 92,000 square miles, about the size of
Illinois and Indiana
The topography of Ghana is varied. There are plains and scrublands,
The climate of Ghana is tropical. The eastern coastal belt is warm and
dry, while the
southwest corner is hot and humid. There are two distinct rainy seasons
in the south,
while in the north, these two rainy seasons tend to merge.
There are about 18 million people in Ghana. Most of the population of
Ghana belongs to
three ethnic groups: Akan, Ewe, and Ga.
The official language of Ghana is English. However 44% of the
population speaks Akan,
16% speak Mole-Dagbani, 13% speak Ewe, and 8% speak Ga-Adangbe.
A plurality (35%) of Ghanaians are Christians. 31% of Ghanaians
beliefs, 27% are Muslim, and 7% practice other faiths.
Accra is the capital city of Ghana. Accra is a large city with a
population of approximately 3 million. Other large cities in Ghana are
Kumasi, Tema, and
Ghana achieved independence from Britain in 1957. Like the Unites
States the Ghanaian
government has three branches of government: executive, legislative, and
the United States, Ghana has a President who is elected to a maximum of
terms. There is a single-chamber Parliament, whose members are elected to
As in the United States, Ghana has a Supreme court with justices who are
nominated by the
President, but must be approved by the legislature.
The majority of Ghanas workforce is engaged in farming. Cocoa is the
countrys biggest export, and other exports include aluminum, gold,
diamonds. The Ghanaian economy benefits from an industrial base that is
advanced among the countries of the region. Tourism is an important and
growing source of
foreign income for Ghana. In 1997, tourism ranked third among the sources
The flag of Ghana contains three horizontal stripes of red, gold, and
green, with a
black star in the center of the gold stripe.