CONFLICT PREVENTION AND RESOLUTION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
U.S. efforts to support conflict prevention and resolution in Africa
improving: the capabilities of the Organization of African Unity (OAU);
the capability of
sub-regional organizations; the capability of non-governmental
supporting African demobilization and retraining; and training Africans
resolution, prevention, management and peacekeeping.
The U.S. Government has provided more than $10 million to the OAU over
the last five
years to support institutional conflict resolution capabilities.
Specifically, the United
States funded the construction of the Conflict Management Center in Addis
monitor and manage potential conflicts and the prepositioning of
equipment for a 100-troop
quick-reaction military observer force to be deployed anywhere in Africa
on short notice.
Recently, the United States provided funding for military observers in
Comoros and plans
to sponsor a test in March 1998 of the Center's conflict management
Recognizing the potentially stabilizing role sub-regional
organizations can play, the
United States supported the Intergovernmental Authority on Development in
the Horn of
Africa, recently provided $30 million in assistance to ECOMOG, the
peacekeeping mission of
the Economic Community of West African States, in support of its
activities to foster
peace and support the election process in Liberia and is encouraging
within the Southern African Development Community to pursue efforts to
integration. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) also
assistance through a sub-regional Sahelian organization -- the permanent
Committee on Drought Control in the Sahel -- to help defuse potential
The United States has provided training and funding to NGOs engaged in
reconciliation efforts throughout the continent. Specifically, the United
the establishment of a radio station in Burundi to defuse a volatile
resolution activities by the Carter Center, and various democracy
education centers and
establish regional hubs the Democratic Republic of the Congo to assist in
institutions pursue democratic policies.
The United States is currently engaged in demobilization and
reintegration efforts in
12 countries in Africa, most notably Angola.
Conflict prevention is a major focus of the President's Greater Horn
of Africa and
Great Lakes Justice Initiatives. The Department of Defense provides the
bulk of training
in peacekeeping skills through the International Military Education and
The U.S. Information Agency provides conflict resolution training through its
International Visitor Program and USAID primarily through NGOs and
The United States currently is implementing the African Crisis
(ACRI) -- a training partnership among African and non-African countries.
The ACRI will
enhance African peacekeeping and conflict resolution capabilities.