Snapshot of Botswana
Botswana is a landlocked country in southern Africa. It is bordered on
the west and
north by Namibia. It is bordered on the east by Zimbabwe. South Africa is
situated on the
southern border of Botswana.
Botswana covers approximately 224,710 square miles, about the size of
Botswanas landscape is composed of deserts and savannas.
The climate of Botswana is mostly sub-tropical.
Though the land area of Botswana is quite large, the population is
Only 1.5 million people live in Botswana. The largest two ethnic groups
in Botswana are
Tswana (55%-60% of the country) and Kalanga (25%-30%).
The official language of Botswana is English. However, the languages
of Setswana and
Ikalanga are also spoken.
60% of the population of Botswana is Christian, while 40% practice
Gaborone is Botswanas capital and its largest city with a
population of about
175,000. No other cities in Botswana have a population greater than
Botswana has a multi-party parliamentary democracy, which has its
roots in the village
councils of its tribal culture. Botswana achieved independence from
Britain in 1965.
National elections occur at least once every five years. The president of
Botswana is Sir
Botswana has had very strong economic growth since the mid-1970's. The
Botswanas democracy has encouraged international investment, and
allowed Botswana to
benefit from its most valuable natural resource: diamonds. Botswana is an
active member of
numerous regional and international economic organizations. A modern
and transportation infrastructure has allowed Botswana to link its people
to one another.
The flag of Botswana contains a blue field with a horizontal,
white-edged black band in